Bangabandhu Eternal Source of Inspiration for Disadvantaged People of the World

Hiren Pandit: Bangladesh and Bangabandhu are the same. One cannot be imagined without the other. Bangabandhu is the main leader or hero of the liberation war of Bangladesh. The glorious event in the hundred-year history of the Bangali nation is the 1971 liberation war. The victory of the liberation war was attained on 16 December 1971 by giving the fresh blood of 3 million martyrs a disgrace to two lakh mothers and sisters and boundless sacrifice. The heroic Bangalis have snatched victory by defeating the Pakistani aggressors in 23 years of struggle and nine-month of armed struggle. Many valiant sons of the soil may have dreamed of breaking the shackles of the Bangali nation. The dream has been turned into reality by Bangabandhu the best son of the soil for a thousand years, the greatest Bangali of all time and the great hero of history. The Father of the Nation, Sheikh Mujib’s name will be revered as long as the Bangali nation survives.

History has repeatedly proved that ‘Mujib is for Bangladesh and Bangladesh is for Mujib,’ or it can be said that Bangladesh is Bangabandhu and ‘Bangabandhu is Bangladesh. The famous Bangali Poet Annada Shankar Roy has rightly said, ‘As long as the river Padma, Meghna, Gauri, Jamuna flows like the river, so long is the glory of Sheikh Mujibur Rahman will survive.’

This birth centenary has been celebrated all over the world including Bangladesh. Bangabandhu was born on 17 March 1920 in an aristocratic Sheikh family at Tungipara in Gopalganj. He was the third of four daughters and two sons of father Sheikh Lutfar Rahman and mother Saira Khatun. The affectionate name given to him by his parents was Khoka.

Bangabandhu’s protesting character was seen as a teenager. His protestant attitude against injustice, his love for the poor and his promise to ease their suffering brought him into politics. He got involved in politics from school. Bangabandhu started his education at Gimadanga Primary School in 1926. He was admitted to Gopalganj Public School in 1929 and studied there till 1934. In 1938 he was admitted to the Gopalganj Mission School. In 1941, he took the matriculation examination with a sick body. His father did not stop him from getting involved in politics. According to the unfinished autobiography, his father told him, “Father, I will not object to politics, we are so happy to be fighting for Pakistan, but don’t forget to study. People cannot be without learning”.

Immediately after the matriculation examination, Kishore Mujib went to Kolkata. The major changes in his political life began when he was a student at Islamia College, Kolkata. He became active in the Pakistan movement and came in contact with leaders like Hussain Shaheed Suhrawardy and Abul Hashim. When the state of Pakistan was formed in 1947, Sheikh Mujib also moved to Dhaka. He formed Chhatra League in 1948 with new political thinking. In 1949 he was elected joint secretary of the newly formed East Pakistan Awami Muslim League. Sheikh Mujib’s political activities began with his participation in the movement to make Bangla one of the state languages. He became the undisputed leader of the Bangalis through the great language movement of 1947 to 1952, the anti-military movement of 1958, the education movement of 1962 and the historic six-point movement of 1966.

During the mass-uprising of 1969, the students were given the title of ‘Bangabandhu’. In the election of 1970, the Bangalis expressed their unwavering support for Bangabandhu’s six-point. But the Pakistani ruling class did not hand over power to the Awami League and started politics of conspiracy against the Bangalis. Bangabandhu in his historic speech on 7 March 1971 called for independence. On 26 March Bangabandhu declared independence when the Pakistani forces started a planned genocide. Responding to his call, the people of the country fought for almost nine-month and achieved an independent sovereign Bangladesh.

The happiest day for the people of Bangladesh is the birthday of Bangabandhu. He was the only one born in the thousand-year history of the soil. If he had not been born, independent Bangladesh would not have been born. Bangabandhu will live forever among those who believe in Bangladesh and hold the ideology and spirit of the liberation war.

Six-point movement and Bangabandhu

The six-point demand in the history of our national liberation war has played a very significant role. On 7 June 1966, the nation’s liberation charter was stained with the blood of martyrs. Later, at the beginning of the mass movement of 1969, we attained independence in exchange for a sea of ​​blood with the mandate of the people in the historic election of 1970 under the leadership of Bangabandhu. Flowing deep in his heart was the independence of Bangladesh. He had no other thoughts outside of freedom. He has commanded the way in liberating Bangladesh from the shackles of subjugation by enduring imprisonment, oppression and torture.

The people of Bangladesh went on a general strike on June 7 against the Pakistani ruling party led by the Awami League to demand independence and the release of all political prisoners including Bangabandhu. The dictator Ayub Khan wanted to enslave the Bangali nation. Bangabandhu proposed to include in the agenda of the Convention of the Opposition Parties held in Lahore on 5 February 1966, raising the six-point for the liberation of Bangalis. Chowdhury Mohammad Ali, the chairman of the meeting, refused to discuss the six-point. Bangabandhu returned to the country on 11 February and gave details at a press conference at Dhaka Airport. At the meeting of the working committee of the Awami League on 20 February, a six-point was adopted as a party program. six-point became so popular that this booklet was carefully preserved in every house in Bangladesh.

The dictator Ayub termed the giving of six-point as a crime and called Bangabandhu a ‘Separatist’ and arrested and tortured the Awami League under the National Defense Act. Protest Day was observed in the entire area on May 13 at the call of the Awami League. The public support for the six-point was expressed in the public meeting on the day of the protest. When the newly elected general secretary of the party, Tajuddin Ahmed, was arrested, the organizing secretary Mizan Chowdhury took over as the acting general secretary. During the strike on June 7, the agitated people of Bangladesh demanded independence and the release of all political prisoners including Bangabandhu. June 7 was the starting point of the foundation of our freedom consciousness laid on this day.

The six-point demand raised by Bangabandhu is not a ‘certificate of liberation’ and a ‘demand for survival’ of Bangalis; rather, it is the foundation of Bangladesh’s independence. In the context of June 7, that is, the six-point day the aspect of abandonment, struggle and protest of the Bangali nation came to the fore. On this day, the Bangali nation has given its life to the movement for the realization of the six-point demand, the highway has been stained with blood, more than 600 people have been arrested and countless people have been prosecuted. After demanding six-point, Bangabandhu did not remain the leader of the Awami League or any other party; became the sole leader of our Bangalis. Later, the right of Bangalis to self-control and the independence movement, post-independence politics and politics all revolved around one person and that was Bangabandhu. He was no longer a person; became an institution.

Charismatic Leadership of Bangabandhu and our Independence

Bangabandhu is the charismatic leader of Bangladesh, because of his visionary leadership, realized at the beginning of March 1971 that war against the Pakistanis was inevitable. Therefore, on March 7, 1971, he instructed the people of Bangladesh to plunge into the war of liberation. He said, “This time the struggle is for our freedom, this time the struggle is for our independence.” In this speech, the picture of the killing, oppression and torture of Bangalis towards Bangalis became concrete. In the face of the enemy, he instructed the Bangali nation, ‘Be ready with whatever you have.’ Inspired by this hypnotic speech of the Father of the Nation, the Bangali nation started taking preparation for starting a liberation war with weapons.

The historic inspiring speech of this earth-shaking thunderbolt of only 19 minutes on March 7 was a thousand years of passion, a thousand years of the dream, a reflection of a thousand years of aspiration, which was a firm promise to liberate Bangalis. Bangabandhu uttered in a radiant voice, ‘When we have given blood, we will give more blood, we will set the people of this country free, Inshaallah.’ It was the historic speech under the leadership and direction of Bangabandhu that inspired the freedom-loving Bangali nation to plunge into the armed struggle of the great liberation war against the occupying Pakistanis and it was through this speech that the future destiny of the Bangalis became clear.

Bangabandhu gave the speech in a very symbolic style. On the one hand, he told the freedom fighters to be ready for a long struggle, on the other hand, he showed the thumbs up to the Pakistani rulers. Bangabandhu was not only a wise politician, he was a world-class diplomat. In his speech on March 7, he expressed everything like a diplomat. He says the last 23 years are a history of deprivation. He spoke about the language movement, the elections of 1954, the military rule of 1956, the six-point of 1966, the mass-uprising of 1969, the elections of 1970 and the deprivation of Bangalis in Pakistan at that time. Gave an unwritten speech.

Many people say Bangabandhu was absent in our liberation war. They never judge, the liberation war of Bangladesh was a war of expulsion of foreign aggressors and enemies from the interior of an independent country led by an elected representative. After independence on March 26, 1971, it took us nine-month to drive out those enemies. December 16 is our Victory Day because we were able to drive them out.

The declaration of independence by Bangabandhu as the leader of Bangladesh on 26 March is the basis of the Independence of Bangladesh. The full constitution of Bangladesh was written based on this declaration. So, the nine-month war that took place in Bangladesh in 1971 was a war to liberate our independent country from the occupying forces. All the people of an independent country who came through elections fought this war.

Bangabandhu declared independence on 26 March as the elected leader of the people of Bangladesh after the beginning of the genocide and the imposition of war on Bangladesh. He ordered everyone to fight against the aggressors. The people accepted a valid declaration on behalf of the people of Bangladesh through the Declaration of Independence. Bangabandhu formed the government for the declared independent country. Bangabandhu was appointed as the head of that government President and Syed Nazrul Islam as the Vice President. The legitimate government then got all the rights regarding the country to make all the laws and all the revenue related to that declaration. The independent state which was declared on March 26, started its journey on April 10 with its constitution and legitimate government. There are only two obstacles for the state to move on. The first one is several areas inside the state were then occupied by the Pakistani army. The second one is the state needs the formal recognition of another state.

Two things were urgent for this formal recognition. One is who has formed this state must prove that they are not separatists and two is the state is being run by elected representatives. When it comes to recognizing another democratic new state for a democratic state, the first thing to look at is whether those who claim to have formed a new state are separatists. If they do not prove to be separatists, then they meet around 60 percent of the conditions for recognition.

If Bangabandhu had fled in this war to drive out the Pakistani aggressors in Bangladesh or had gone underground and tried to run the war like the communist revolutionaries, the military ruler of Pakistan would have had ample opportunity to prove him as a separatist. The country was occupied and Bangabandhu declared independence from his residence. He called on his people to resist the aggressors and called on the world to recognize the new state.

The task of seeking this declaration and recognition was public and as an elected leader. So, when the Pakistani army arrested Bangabandhu, they arrested the elected head of government of an independent country. Bangabandhu proved that he or his party was not a separatist. In other words, with Bangabandhu being publicly arrested in this way, he alone did 60 percent of the rest of the victory that this country had to achieve after the declaration of independence. Bangabandhu proved to the world that he and his party are not separatists, they are fighting for the liberation of the aggressors from their land.

Just as he won 60 percent of the war by going to jail in Pakistan in nine-month of 1971, so he transformed himself like the Agartala case while in jail; his shape is even bigger. The democratic world says the Pakistani military has no right to arrest an elected leader. Although the American president backed Pakistan, he repeatedly obstructed his Senate in favor of Pakistan.

Everyone also said that only Sheikh Mujib has the right to decide about his country. Not the Pakistani military authorities. Therefore, just as Bangabandhu was everywhere in the liberation war with the rifles, mines and grenades of the freedom fighters through thunder, so the arrested leader Bangabandhu fought almost alone in the international world.

Just as any liberation war and war for independence are through the sacrifices of the people of the country, so the freedom-loving people of the whole world stand as comrades. The captive independent head of state Bangabandhu gave the freedom-loving people of the whole world the right to stand for Bangladesh that day. Prisoner Bangabandhu defeated Yahya Khan in the diplomacy of the people that day. The government through constitutional politics, the Pakistani authorities lost to Bangabandhu’s diplomacy in the battle to resist the aggressors by armed means. Bangabandhu became the winner, transformed from Bangabandhu to Father of the Nation. Many people mistakenly said that Bangabandhu was absent in the war of liberation.

However, without the support of India, Russia and the support of the world, it would not have been possible to attain independence in nine-month. Moreover, no one can declare the independence of a country if he wants to. You have the authority to declare independence. Whoever declares, he must have the support of his country and the international world. People will not support the call for independence. As the leader of the winning party in the 1970 elections, only Bangabandhu had the right to declare independence.

Bangabandhu’s Initiatives to Build War-torn Bangladesh

Bangabandhu was released from the prison in Pakistan on 8 January 1972 and left for London on 9 January. Bangabandhu made a short break in Delhi and left for Dhaka on the morning of January 10. The plane touched down at Tejgaon Airport at 3 pm. From there, it took Bangabandhu two and a half hours to reach the Historic Racecourse ground through the love and affection of millions of Bangalis. Bangabandhu reached home at 7:00 pm out of millions of people on the Racecourse. After such a long journey, long formality, public meeting, exchange of emotions and tears, on 11 January, Bangabandhu started running the country without a moment’s delay, ignoring all the fatigue and emotions. Bangabandhu met twice with the Cabinet, on the same day and many important decisions were taken, including the drafting of the Constitution.

At the beginning of the discussion about the Constitution, the issue discussed that the basis of the political and economic system of Bangladesh will be Bangali nationalism, democracy, socialism and secularism. The election manifesto of 1970 stated that socialist development and change should be brought into the economy of the country. Economists explained that it was the way to develop the country’s economy through poverty alleviation and inequality elimination and planned development measures. It was on this basis of the budget of the finance minister Tajuddin Ahmed for 1972-73 was formulated, which reflected the principles of the constitution. Some of the medium and long-term goals of Bangabandhu’s economic philosophy were to achieve self-reliance, maximize the use of the country’s internal resources, receive and use foreign aid, which should be unconditional and gradually reduce this dependence.

The thoughts, ideas and instructions of Bangabandhu for the overall development of the country are described in the constitution. Development of local government institutions, participation of women in national life. On 12 January Bangabandhu took over as Prime Minister under the Provisional Constitution and formed a new Cabinet. Since Bangabandhu’s historic speech on March 7, the whole country, including all government and non-government organizations in the then East Pakistan, has been following Bangabandhu’s orders and the Bangali part of the army is waiting for orders.

War-torn Bangladesh began to rebuild and successfully tackled various economic and other challenges. Bangabandhu returned to newly independent Bangladesh and saw that there was no food in the granaries, no crops in the fields and no reserves in the Central Bank. The Banks were not functional. Roads and railways are cut off and seaports are destroyed. Schools and colleges were abandoned Barracks. The Pakistani aggressors destroyed everything possible knowing that defeat was certain.

First of all, Bangabandhu emphasized maintaining the non-aligned position and gaining the recognition of most of the countries in the world as soon as possible and gaining membership in various international organizations. Bangabandhu aimed to make Bangladesh stand first in the international arena. In just three and a half years of his rule, the Father of the Nation has given Bangladesh the recognition of 121 countries and membership of 36 international organizations, including the United Nations.

During the nine-month of the liberation war, the transport system was almost destroyed. As a result, the post-liberation economy almost stopped the import and distribution of food grains, raw materials used in industry, agricultural products and daily necessities. In such a situation, Bangabandhu took the initiative to compensate for all kinds of facilities in the port, development of shipping and other areas with utmost importance in the reconstruction work and gave importance to the commencement of civil aviation. The power system was also severely damaged in the war of liberation. Bangabandhu emphasized re-establishing the power system through the construction of transmission and distribution lines in a short time.

For most subsidized food production, he set a goal to introduce new mechanical methods of cultivation. To increase agricultural production, farmers are provided with fertilizers, medicines and high-quality seeds.

Bangabandhu emphasized family planning. A pilot population control program was started in 12 areas across the country. We are now talking about growth above seven percent. The growth rate in Bangladesh was 7.8 percent at the time of Bangabandhu. He developed strategies to develop the population into educated and skilled human resources. He formed the National Education Commission. Nationalized schools and colleges. He formed the University Grants Commission for Higher Education and in 1970, he said, we have to give importance to education and health. We need to build medical colleges and medical universities. Emphasis should be placed on technical education. He started building houses for the people affected by the liberation war. He wanted not a single person in his country to be homeless. So, he focused on housing, rehabilitation and reconstruction.

In just three and a half years, Bangladesh has left a strong policy, plan and infrastructure in all areas of health care and medicine. Three consecutive crop production was affected and there was a food shortage in the country. Many food aids were available from India and other developed countries. The UN Secretary-General called for 1 million tons of aid, food aid to the affected people and repatriated peoples through grants from the Japanese government and some barter agreements and rationing at various levels. Bangladesh became a member of the two organizations in August 1972 and the foreign exchange and gold needed in this regard were donated by Canada and Sweden. Earlier, the Indian government set aside some foreign currency as loans.

Reconstruction and reconstruction-related work were described in the budget of 1972-73. Many friendly countries helped Bangabandhu in this reconstruction, which did not need to be paid for. These donors included India, the Soviet Union (Russia), the United Kingdom, Canada, Japan, Germany, Sweden, Denmark and the Netherlands. Bangabandhu’s goal was to achieve self-sufficiency in food production as soon as possible. Besides, in the budget of 1972-73, importance was given to the education sector after rehabilitation. The aim of Bangabandhu’s thought and effort to build the economic structure of the state was to alleviate the suffering of the poor people of Bangladesh and to provide food, clothing, education, health and employment to all.

In the Golden Jubilee of Bangladesh’s (50 years) independence, Bangladesh has risen to the top of the world. Bangabandhu planted the seeds of Digital Bangladesh. He made Bangladesh a member of the International Telecommunication Union (ITU) in 1973. On 14 June 1975, he inaugurated the Satellite Earth Center at Betbunia, Rangamati. We saw the development of the sapling born from the seed planted by Bangabandhu in 1996 when the people’s leader Sheikh Hasina took charge as the Prime Minister for the first time. She clearly said that she got the idea of ​​Digital Bangladesh from her son and IT Advisor Sajeeb Wazed Joy.

Bangabandhu tried to build friendly relations with other states, the principle of coexistence in peace and the evidence of the struggle for the people, other states extended a helping hand to Bangladesh. In the planning democracy, human rights, principles of ownership, state ownership, cooperative ownership, private ownership and the emancipation of farmers and workers issues were included. Bangabandhu tried for ensuring the basic needs of the people, like food, clothing, shelter, education and health. He emphasized social security, rural development, agricultural development and the structure of the education system in line with the needs of society for free and compulsory education for effective measures to eradicate illiteracy from the society.

Bangabandhu adopted a comprehensive plan to utilize the freedom fighters. He took special measures for the organization of the police force, militia and reserve forces in Bangladesh. He gave State Status to the freedom fighters and took measures for the treatment and rehabilitation of the war-wounded freedom fighters. Apart from this, he was employed in various jobs in the country according to their qualifications.

Restoring the ceiling of land ownership was a historic step towards establishing justice in the social sense by bridging the gap between rich and poor. The Bangabandhu government initially recruited 500 doctors in the villages as a step toward eliminating the existing disparities between urban and rural life. The adoption of the Thana Health Project is still recognized as an important step in the world to delivering health services at the grassroots level.

On 19 February 1974, Bangabandhu, in line with the national aspirations, formed the Bangladesh Shilpakala Academy to make Bangladesh an art-cultured creative humanitarian Bangladesh and enrich it by preserving the thousand-year-old culture and heritage of Bangalis. Bangladesh Shilpakala Academy is the only national institution for the development of art and culture in Bangladesh. In his speech on 17 January 1974, Bangabandhu declared war on corruption. He said the future of the nation would be darkened if effective resistance against corruption could not be built. Describing the corrupt, bribe-takers, smugglers, collectors, black marketeers and over-profiteers as enemies of the society and the state, Bangabandhu said that if the national life could not be cleansed by punishing them, the two eras of Awami League would be abandoned.

Bangabandhu’s Vision of Youth Development

Bangabandhu had many thoughts about the youth society. He imagined a lot about young people. He thought that the youth should be developed as ideal people. The youth will become an ideal force. By this ideal man, he means a person who will possess advanced human qualities and will be followed by others. That is, everything that is socially good, best, decent and beneficial will be in the youth.

To be an ideal human being, the youth must be honest, devoted, hardworking, kind, compassionate, empathetic, unselfish and courageous. Bangabandhu himself was an idealistic man and an idealistic and exemplary leader. The liberation of the exploited, oppressed and downtrodden people of Bangladesh was the main goal and ideal of his life. He has struggled all his life to achieve that goal. He has been repeatedly imprisoned and tortured while talking about the rights of the people of Bangladesh. Prison torture became a regular chapter in his life. Bangabandhu’s personal life had nothing to say. Bangabandhu’s thoughts, views, dreams and deeds were all for the welfare of the people of this country, the welfare of the people, for the liberation of the motherland. Bangabandhu’s ideal in politics was to sacrifice for the people not to lead a happy life. Bangabandhu used to give the highest place to principles and ideals in politics. The aim of his politics was not merely to go to power, it was to achieve the rights of the Bangalis or to achieve national liberation. He believed that the youth should be strong in this power.

Bangabandhu has given importance to education to build the youth properly. Bangabandhu wanted a people-oriented, science-based and technical education system. He urged the youth to study as well as perform various duties. Addressing the youth on August 19, 1973, he said, “Fathers’ (the students and youths) continue your study attentively and learn something from your study.” No matter how much you chant slogans (Jindabad and murdabad), there is no benefit if you are not learn your lessons properly and do not read books attentively. The rest of the time help your parents after your study. Don’t be ashamed to take the helm with your father in agricultural and other works because you are learning to wear pants (modern dress). Look at the world. In the villages, plant some eggplants saplings next to the houses, plant some capsicum saplings, plant some gourd saplings and plant some coconut saplings. Help your parents a little. There is no benefit in just passing Bachelor of Arts (BA) or Master of Arts (MA). We have to work for the welfare of the people of the country”.

In his speech on the founding anniversary of the Chhatra League in 1972, he said, “The people of Bangladesh, especially the young community, need to know our history.” A boy in Bangladesh who does not know the traditions of his past descendants cannot be a true Bangali.’

Media-Friendly Bangabandhu

As a young leader, Sheikh Mujib became popular. From this time his journey to the newspaper office began. Bangabandhu was a media friend since then. The location of the journalist and newspaper office was close to his residence. He believes that the role of media in all the movements and struggles of Bangladesh and the great liberation war was unforgettable. The great leader termed the newspapers and electronic media during the liberation. The contribution of the media in the language movement, the outstanding contribution of the media in presenting the six-point demand as demand for the survival of the people of Bangladesh.

The role of media in all the movements, struggles of Bangladesh and the great liberation war was infinite. This great leader termed the newspapers and electronic media during the liberation war as mass media and not just news media. Throughout his life, Bangabandhu spoke of freedom of expression. Talking about the importance of media Bangabandhu mentioned in his memories, “My father used to keep a newspaper; Anandabazar, Basumati, Azad, Masik Mohammadi and Saugat”. He then spoke about the media politics of Bangladesh at that time and the history of the steps taken by the leaders of this section for the welfare of the people at that time.

When the Awami Muslim League was established in 1949, the weekly Ittefaq was published as the spokes-paper of the party. Maulana Bhasani was the editor, Yar Mohammad Khan was the publisher but Tofazzal Hossain (Manik Miah) was in charge of running the magazine. Huseyn Shaheed Suhrawardy used to finance the newspaper. Sheikh Mujib along with party workers also sold this magazine in Dhaka.

Tofazzal Hossain had a deep heart relationship with Sheikh Mujib. Sheikh Mujib first involved Suhrawardy with the daily Ittefaq and gave him the responsibility of administration and control of the newspaper. When Sheikh Mujib raised his historic six-point demand in 1966, the Daily Ittefaq shattered the power of the Pakistani general by building public opinion in its favor.

During the election of 1970 and the non-cooperation movement of 1971, the dailies also played a responsible role. They published all the decisions, instructions, statements and speeches of Sheikh Mujib in large type on the first page with pictures. It is said that the newspapers have made an important contribution in motivating the people and building the public mind, they have given full support to the leadership of Bangabandhu.

Bangabandhu and Secularism

From the ‘Unfinished Autobiography’, we came to know that Islam was Bangabandhu’s favorite religion as a child of a Muslim family. But he also had respect for all other religions. He never faced any controversy on the way to becoming a true Bangali and a Muslim.

The constitution will include a guarantee to protect the sanctity of religious institutions. Adequate arrangements will be made for the expansion of religious education at all levels. Minorities will enjoy full equal rights in the eyes of the law. The rights of minorities in the practice and propagation of their religion, the establishment, operation of religious institutions and the religious education of adherents of their respective religions will be constitutionally protected. No person from a minority community will be forced to pay duties for propagating any religion other than his own. No person shall be compelled to take any religious instruction or to participate in any religious worship or ceremony unless he is associated with his religion. This idea of religious tolerance is one of the fundamental pillars of Bangabandhu and Awami League.

15-August: A Shameful & Black Chapter in the History of Bangladesh

The most disgraceful tragedy in the history of Bangladesh was the cruelest assassination of Bangabandhu, architect of Bangladesh and father of the nation. Bangabandhu struggled throughout his life for his country’s people and made them unite to throw out the restraints of Pakistani oppression and led them towards independence.

The assassination of Bangabandhu and his family on August 15 is one of the most heinous, barbaric and brutal killings in the history of world human civilization. It wasn’t just murder. There was also a conspiracy to silence forever the progress of a newly independent nation. A promising politician who had dedicated his whole life to serving his nation was killed so brutally that the people of our country still weeping. After the assassination of Bangabandhu, the four principles of the war of liberation, secularism, Bangali nationalism, democracy and socialism were violated. The occupiers of state power trampled on the spirit and values ​​of independence and took Bangladesh in the opposite direction.

The steps taken by Bangabandhu for the economic liberation of the nation were stopped. The politics of military coups, counter-coups, assassinations and conspiracies began in the country. One military dictatorship after another began to change. At the same time, under the umbrella of military dictators, defeated anti-independence groups, extremist communal and fundamentalist militant groups emerged in the country.

Bangabandhu’s Brutal Assassination Stigmatized the Nation

There was a conspiracy against him, Bangabandhu knew it. The people of the country are conspiring to assassinate him—it seems Bangabandhu could not have imagined. Prime Minister of India, Indira Gandhi in the Commonwealth Summit in Jamaica, stood up where Bangabandhu was sitting and said, ‘Sheikh Saheb, we have alarming news. There is a conspiracy against you. ‘In reply, Bangabandhu said,’ Madam Indira, don’t worry. No Bangali will touch me. If they do, I will go to the village with the sheet (chador) around my neck. Sheikh Mujib is not the one to hold on to power.’

Bangabandhu never paid attention to the matter despite knowing that there is a threat to life. He never imagined that the people of Bangladesh could kill him, despite repeated warnings from various individuals and organizations. The intolerant political environment provided the logistics for Bangabandhu’s assassination. The emergence of opposition political forces in the newly independent country, the secret united forces of the defeated forces of 1971, the secret armed groups of the far-left parties on one side, the formation of squads, police stations, bank robberies, murders, robberies on the other side confuse the people. The conspirators took advantage of this opportunity. The killers meet the target. At the end of the successful mission, Bangladesh was taken back to the fundamentalist ideology.

Experts believe that the emerging leftist forces between 1972 and 1975 were largely responsible for creating the conditions for Bangabandhu’s assassination. An ideological impasse arose over the management of the newly independent country. Awami League leaders considered democracy as their first choice.

The brutal assassination of Bangabandhu was the first direct military intervention in the civil administration-centric politics of Bangladesh. The assassination is considered an ideological turning point in Bangladesh. Analysts agree it was not a mere murder, but a political motive behind it. The verdict in the murder case also mentions the political conspiracy in brief. However, the political motive behind the brutal assassination and its involvement with the politicians of the time remained unclear even after the trial.

According to researchers, Mujib’s assassination has two dimensions. One is domestic politics and the other is international. None of this came up in the trial. Bangabandhu’s assassination has been tried in the same way as the other ten murders under the country’s customary law. Regarding the background of Bangabandhu’s brutal assassination. The murderers wanted to kill the soul of the state by killing Bangabandhu, killing nationalism, non-communal, democratic, exploitation-free Bangladesh. It undermines the four principles of the state through military rule. Bangabandhu’s murder has been tried. However, the conspiracy did not come up in the trial.

By assassinating Bangabandhu on 15 August, the brave Bangalis introduced themselves to the world as a cowardly-suicidal nation the traitor. By assassinating Bangabandhu, the dreamer of the Bangali nation has shown its suicidal character to the people of the world. By killing Bangabandhu, the spirit of freedom was forgotten. For a long time, it seemed that there was no real existence in Bangladesh without Bangabandhu. However, it can be said that if the Bangali nation is the name of consciousness, the name of a dream, the name of history of creation, the name of aspiration, the name of struggle and the name of success – then its embodiment is Bangabandhu. He is the great hero of history. Bangabandhu will remain immortal in the heart of Bangalis forever. Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina recently said the perpetrators behind the conspiracy in assassinating Bangabandhu would be unmasked one day. Sheikh Hasina also renewed her vow to materialize Bangabandhu’s unfinished dream of building hunger and poverty-free Bangladesh.

Glowing tribute paid to Bangabandhu by World Leaders

World leaders paid glowing tributes to Bangabandhu on the occasion of his 100-birth anniversary and the golden jubilee of independence. Bangladesh organized the 10 days official celebrations of the Birth Centenary of Bangabandhu and 50 years of the independence of the country.

On Bangabandhu’s birthday on March 17, Chinese President Xi Jinping recalled Bangabandhu’s visits to China in 1952 and 1956 and his friendship with older Chinese leaders, including Chairman Mao Zedong and Chou En-Lai. President Xi Jinping lauded the unprecedented development and success of Bangladesh under the leadership of Sheikh Hasina. He called for taking the strategic partnership of China-Bangladesh cooperation to new heights under the ‘Belt and Road’ policy.

Japanese Prime Minister Yoshihide Suga extended heartfelt congratulations on the birth centenary of Father of the Nation Bangabandhu and the golden jubilee of independence. He mentioned that Japan was one of the first countries to recognize Bangladesh’s independence as a nation 50 years ago under the indomitable leadership of Bangabandhu. The Japanese Prime Minister recalled the historic occasion of welcoming Bangabandhu to Japan and mentioned Bangabandhu’s conversation with the local people while visiting the paddy fields and crop fields of Japan. He highlighted the flags of Japan and Bangladesh and the similarities between the two countries’ vast paddy fields. Besides, Japanese Prime Minister Suga has emphasized establishing stability and peace in the region by continuing assistance in various projects including trade and infrastructure development.

The Prime Minister of the United Kingdom Boris Johnson remarked that the friendship between the two countries was forged through the visit of Bangabandhu at 10 Downing Street on March 26, 1972. On the same day.

Russian President Vladimir Putin described Bangladesh’s architect Bangabandhu as an extraordinary leader and highlighted the historic relationship between the two countries and stressed the need for constructive cooperation for regional stability and security. On the other hand, in a congratulatory message, US President Joe Biden described Bangladesh as an example of generosity, humanity and human rights in terms of economic progress and sheltering a large number of Rohingya refugees.

South Asian countries toward Bangabandhu have been uttered with deep sincerity in the voices of the leaders of South Asia. That is why the distinguished guests – Prime Minister of India Narendra Modi, President of Nepal Bidya Devi Bhandari, Prime Minister of Bhutan Lotte Shering, Prime Minister of Sri Lanka Mahinda Rajapaksa, and President of the Maldives Ibrahim Mohammed Salih. Ignoring the COVID-19 pandemic, they have given an unprecedented response to the invitation of Bangabandhu’s daughter Sheikh Hasina.

Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi paid homage to the mausoleum of the Father of the Nation at Tungipara, Narendra Modi wrote- ‘The struggle of the people of Bangladesh for rights, their own culture and identity is a reflection of Bangabandhu’s life.

OIC Secretary-General, Yusuf Al Othaimeen recalled his membership of the OIC in Bangladesh under Bangabandhu in 1974. UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres pledged to stand by Bangladesh, praising social development, disaster response, participation in peacekeeping missions, and sheltering millions of refugees from Myanmar.

Mujib Chirantan is a brilliant manifestation of Sheikh Hasina’s strong leadership, extraordinary intelligence, acquired experience, strong personality, and wisdom. This initiative is a unique achievement of Bangabandhu’s daughter Sheikh Hasina in the national and international arena.

Hiren Pandit is a Research Fellow

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *