Every country has a great leader in the liberation war. Such as George Washington of America, Lenin of Russia, Mao Zedong of China, Mahatma Gandhi of India, Sukarno of Indonesia, Ho Chi Minh of Vietnam and Bangabandhu for Bangladesh. As the father of the nation, the founder of the state or the liberation war leader, they have always held the seat of dignity in their respective countries. For example, we have had the best Bengali of Bengal for thousands of years, the greatest son of all-time Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman.
Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman is the main leader or hero of the liberation war of Bangladesh. The glorious event in the hundred-year history of the Bengali nation is the 1971 War of Independence. The victory of this freedom was achieved on 16th December 1971 in exchange for the fresh blood of 3 million martyrs, a disgrace to two lakh mothers and sisters and boundless sacrifice. The heroic Bengalis have snatched victory by defeating the Pakistani aggressors in 23 years of struggle and nine months of armed struggle. Many sons of the soil may have dreamed of breaking the shackles of the Bengali nation. But that dream has been turned into reality by Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, the best son of Bengalis for thousands of years, the greatest Bengali of all time, the great hero of history, the father of the nation. As long as the Bengali nation survives, the name of Sheikh Mujib will be uttered with reverence. Bangladesh and Bangabandhu are the same, complementary to each other. One cannot be imagined without the other.
Bangabandhu was born on 17 March 1920 in Tungipara, Gopalganj. He was the third of four daughters and two sons of father Sheikh Lutfar Rahman and mother Saira Khatun. Khoka is a cute name given by parents. His defensive character was identified as a teenager. Started school in the village. Then to Gopalganj Public School. His anti-injustice mentality, his love for the poor and his promise to alleviate their suffering brought him into politics. He got involved in politics from school.
Bangabandhu has done more politics than education. His father did not stop him from getting involved in politics. According to Bangabandhu’s unfinished autobiography, his father told him, “Father, I will not object to politics. You are fighting for Pakistan. It is a matter of happiness, but don’t forget to study.” You can’t be human without learning. “
After the matriculation examination, Kishore Mujib went to Kolkata. The major changes in his political life began when he was a student at Islamia College, Kolkata. He took an active part in the Pakistan movement and came close to Hussain Shaheed Suhrawardy. After the creation of Pakistan in 1947, Sheikh Mujib moved to Dhaka. He was admitted to Dhaka University and attached SM Hall. Bangabandhu was expelled in 1949 for taking part in the movement of the fourth-class employees of DU, although 61 years later, on 14 August 2010, the decision was withdrawn in independent Bangladesh as undemocratic and unjust.
He has been the main attraction of the Bengali nation since 1947. The history of the liberation of the Bengali nation has revolved around him. The young Sheikh Mujib gradually became the liberator of the Bengali nation. He formed Chhatra League in 1948 with new political thinking. In 1949 he was elected joint secretary of the newly formed East Pakistan Awami Muslim League. Political activism began with the participation in the movement to make Bengali the state language. He later became the undisputed leader of the Bengalis through the great language movement of 1952, the formation of the United Front in 1954, the anti-military movement of 1958, the education movement of 1962 and the historic six-point movement of 1966.
During the mass uprising of 1969, the students were given the title of ‘Bangabandhu’. In the election of 1970, the Bengalis expressed their unwavering support for the six-point. But the Pakistani ruling class started the politics of conspiracy without handing over power to the Awami League. Due to his far-sighted leadership, he realized at the beginning of March 1971 that war against the Pakistanis was inevitable. Therefore, he instructed the people of Bangladesh to jump into the war of liberation on March 7, 1971. “This time the struggle is for our liberation, this time the struggle is for freedom,” he said. In this speech, the image of killing, oppression and torture of Bengalis towards Bengalis became embodied. In the face of the enemy, he instructed the Bengali nation, “Be ready with whatever you have.” Inspired by this hypnotic speech, the Bengali nation started preparing for the armed liberation war.
History has repeatedly proved that Bangladesh is Bangabandhu ‘Bangabandhu is Bangladesh. The famous Bengali poet Annada Shankar Roy has rightly said, ‘As long as the Padma Meghna Gauri Jamuna. Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman in his historic speech on 7 March 1971 called for independence. On 25 March Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman declared independence when Pakistani forces started a planned genocide. Responding to his call, the people of the country fought for almost nine months and achieved an independent and sovereign Bangladesh.
The happiest day for the people of Bangladesh is the birthday of Father of the Nation Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman. Bangabandhu was the only one born in the thousand-year history of Bengal. If he had not been born, independent Bangladesh would not have been born. Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman will live forever among those who believe in Bangladesh and hold the ideology and spirit of the liberation war.
The historic inflammatory speech of this earth-shaking thunderbolt of just 19 minutes on March 7 was a reflection of the thousand years of passion, dream, aspiration of the Bengalis, which was the firm promise to liberate the Bengalis. Bangabandhu uttered in a radiant voice, ‘When I have given blood, I will give more blood, I will release the people of this country InshaAllah.’ It was this historic speech that inspired the freedom-loving Bengali nation to plunge into the armed struggle for the great liberation war against the invading Pakistanis and it was through this speech that the future fate of the Bengalis became clear.
The declaration of independence by Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman as the leader of Bangladesh on March 26 is the basis of the Declaration of Independence of Bangladesh. The full constitution of Bangladesh was written based on this declaration. Bangabandhu declared independence on 26 March as the elected leader of the people of Bangladesh after the beginning of the genocide and the imposition of war on Bangladesh through the 1970 elections. That is what all the people’s representatives accepted as a valid declaration on behalf of the people of Bangladesh through the Declaration of Independence. Bangabandhu formed the government for the declared independent country. Bangabandhu was appointed as the head of that government, ie the President and Syed Nazrul Islam as the Vice President. According to that declaration, the legitimate government then got all the rights regarding the country to make all the laws and revenue. There are only two obstacles in this path. The first is that several places inside the country were then occupied by the Pakistani army and the second is that Bangladesh needs the official recognition of another state.
Two things were essential to this formal recognition. Firstly, those who have formed this state have to prove that they are not separatists, and secondly, is the state being run by elected representatives? When it comes to recognizing another democratic new state for a democratic state, the first thing to look at is whether those who claim to have formed a new state are separatists. If they do not prove to be separatists, then they meet most of the conditions for recognition.
If Bangabandhu had fled in the war to oust this Pakistani aggressor from Bangladesh or had gone underground and tried to wage war like a revolutionary, the military ruler of Pakistan would have had ample opportunity to prove him as a separatist. But even after the country was invaded, Bangabandhu declared independence from his residence. He called on the people of the country to resist the aggressors and sought recognition from the world for the new state.
Just as he won most of the battles from the Pakistani jail in the 9 months of 1971, so he transformed himself like the Agartala case while in jail; His shape is even bigger. The democratic world questions whether the Pakistani military authorities have the right to arrest this elected leader. Although the US President sided with Pakistan, he was repeatedly obstructed in the Senate for his position in favor of Pakistan. Everyone says that only Bangabandhu has the right to decide about his country. Not the Pakistani military authorities. Therefore, just as Bangabandhu was everywhere in the rifles, mines, and grenades of the freedom fighters through thunderbolts in the war of liberation, so also the arrested leader Bangabandhu fought almost alone in the international world.
Freedom-loving people all over the world stand by his side as comrades-in-arms, just as any liberation war, liberation war is through the sacrifices of the people of the country. On that day, Bangabandhu gave freedom to the freedom-loving people of the world to stand up for Bangladesh. In diplomacy, Bangabandhu defeated Yahya that day. Forming the government through constitutional politics, the Pakistani authorities lost to Bangabandhu’s diplomacy in the battle to repel the aggressors by armed means. Bangabandhu became the winner, transformed from Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman to Father of the Nation Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman.
Many people mistakenly said that Bangabandhu was absent in the war of liberation. A leader cannot declare the independence of a country if he wants to. You have the right to declare independence. Whoever makes the announcement must have the support of the country and the international community. The people will not support the call for independence. As the leader of the winning party in the 1970 elections, only Bangabandhu had the right to declare independence.
The ideology and inspiration of Bangabandhu are still ingrained in the minds of Bengalis. Today, Bengalis are remembering Father of the Nation Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman with respect, love and gratitude. His ideals are our eternal source of inspiration. His principles and ideals are being passed down from generation to generation and courageous, selfless and idealistic leaders are emerging who are committed to completing the unfinished work of the Father of the Nation. Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina, his worthy daughter, is working tirelessly to build a digital Bangladesh, achieve SDGs by 2030, turn 2041 into a prosperous country and implement the Delta Plan-2100 to build a hunger-free and happy-prosperous golden Bengal of the Father of the Nation’s dream.
Hiren Pandit is a researcher