Bangabandhu Started the Holistic Development of Bangladesh


Hiren Pandit: Bangabandhu was released from prison in Pakistan on 8 January 1972 and left for London on 9 January. On the morning of January 10, Bangabandhu made a short stop in Delhi and left for Dhaka. The plane touched down at Tejgaon Airport at 3 pm. From there, it took Bangabandhu two and a half hours to reach the historic racecourse ground through the love and affection of millions of Bengalis. Bangabandhu reached home from the crowd of millions at the racecourse at 7 pm. After such a long journey, lengthy formality, public meeting, exchange of emotions, tears, and emotions, from January 11, Bangabandhu started running the country without delay, ignoring all the fatigue and emotions. He had two meetings with the cabinet on the same day, and many important decisions were made, including drafting the Constitution.: At the outset of the constitution, he said the basis of Bangladesh’s political and economic system would be Bengali nationalism, democracy, socialism, and secularism. The election manifesto of 1970 stated that socialist development and change should be brought into the economy of the country. Economists have explained this by taking the country’s economy on a growth path through poverty alleviation, inequality elimination, and planned development measures. On this basis, the budget of the then Finance Minister Tajuddin for 1972-73 was framed, which reflected the principles of the Constitution. Some of the medium- and long-term goals of Bangabandhu’s economic philosophy were to achieve self-reliance, maximum utilization of the country’s internal resources, and acceptance and utilization of foreign aid, which should be unconditional and gradually reduce this dependence. Involve the private sector in development activities and industrialization. In 1972, the maximum limit for investment in the private sector was fixed at Rs. 25 lakhs, which was increased to Rs. 3 crores in 1974.
The thoughts and instructions of Bangabandhu in the constitution for the country’s overall development are described in the articles of the second part of the constitution—the development of local governance institutions and the participation of women in national life. On 12 January, Bangabandhu took over as Prime Minister under the Provisional Constitution and formed a new cabinet. After Bangabandhu’s historic speech on March 7, the country, including all government and non-government organizations in East Pakistan, followed Bangabandhu’s instructions. The Bengali part of the army awaited Bangabandhu’s instructions.
Reconstructed the war-torn country and successfully tackled various economic and other challenges. Returning to newly independent Bangladesh, he saw no food in the warehouses, no crops in the fields, and no reserve in the central bank. No bank is functional. Roads and railways are cut off, seaports and seaports are destroyed. Schools and colleges were abandoned barracks. The Pakistani invaders destroyed everything possible, knowing that defeat was inevitable.
Bangabandhu emphasized the importance of gaining recognition from most of the world’s countries and membership in various international organizations in the shortest possible time while maintaining a non-aligned position. The aim was to make Bangladesh stand on the global stage. In just three and a half years of his rule, Bangabandhu gained recognition in 121 countries and membership in 36 international organizations, including the United Nations.
During the war of liberation, the transport system was almost destroyed. As a result, the post-liberation economy nearly stopped importing and distributing food grains, raw materials used in industry, agricultural products, and daily necessities. In this situation, he gave maximum importance to the reconstruction work, took all kinds of facilities, shipped and other compensation initiatives, and gave importance to civil aviation. The power system was also severely damaged. Electricity is provided through the quick construction of transmission and distribution lines.
He introduced mechanized methods of cultivation with the maximum subsidy in food production. Provides fertilizers, medicines, and high-quality seeds to the farmers. He formed the National Education Commission to turn educated and skilled human resources. He nationalized schools and colleges and formed a grant commission for higher education. Many friends helped in this reconstruction, which did not need to be paid for. India, Russia, the United Kingdom, Canada, Japan, Germany, Sweden, Denmark, and the Netherlands. The goal was to achieve self-sufficiency in food production as soon as possible.
Fifty years after the victory, Bangladesh has risen to the top globally. Bangabandhu planted the seeds of digital Bangladesh. He made Bangladesh a member of the International Telecommunication Union in 1973. On 14 June 1985, he inaugurated the V-Satellite Center at Betbunia. I saw the development of the sapling born from this planted seed in 1996 when the people’s leader, Sheikh Hasina, took over as the Prime Minister for the first time.
In a January 17, 1974 speech, he declared war on corruption. The nation’s future is bleak if effective resistance against corruption is not built. Corruption, bribery, smuggling, hoarding, black market, and profiteers are the enemies of society and the state.
He dreamed a lot about the youth, thinking that they should be developed as ideal people. The youth will become an ideal force. This ideal will contain human qualities that can be followed by others. In other words, everything that is socially good, best, noble, and beneficial will be in the youth.
He dreamed a lot about the youth, thinking that the youth should be developed as ideal people. The youth will become a perfect force. This ideal will contain human qualities that others can follow. In other words, everything that is socially good, best, noble, and beneficial will be in the youth. He told the youth to be honest, devoted, hardworking, kind, compassionate, unselfish, arrogant and brave. The youth is physically and mentally strong, possesses awake knowledge, and is a pioneer of change and struggle in society. A large part of those who sacrificed their lives in the great liberation war was the youth. Bangabandhu’s schools were Bengali, Bengali, and Bangladesh. He assimilated in his consciousness the thousand-year-old hopes, aspirations, pains, protests and traditions of the Bengalis. Young men were his soul. He drew the design of success by relying on the youth. Sonar Bangla can build by making themselves aware of efficient, work-oriented responsibilities and duties; he has always wished for this.
He called for a people-oriented, science-based, and technical education system, fulfilling various responsibilities and duties. Addressing the youth at an August 19, 1983 meeting, he said, “Fathers, learn a little. No matter how much you live and die, there is no benefit in not learning to read properly. And learning to read will help parents. Don’t be ashamed to take the helm with your father because you are learning to wear pants. Look at the world. In the village, eggplant, chili, gourd, and some coconut saplings are planted near the house. Help your parents a little. There is no benefit in just passing BA-MA. We have to work for the welfare of the people of the country. “
He used to give advice and instructions to inspire the youth with patriotism. On the founding anniversary of the Chhatra League in 1973, he said, “The people of Bengal, especially the young community, need to know our history. A boy from Bengal who does not know the heritage of his past descendants cannot be an authentic Bengali. ‘He had various plans in this regard. The importance of technical and vocational education is still high. Bangabandhu’s youthful thoughts and ideas are also relevant in building a skilled youth force suitable for the Fourth Industrial Revolution. What is needed for the fourth industrial revolution is to create a new generation of skilled youth who know technology, robotics, artificial intelligence, and IoT. However, in this case, more awareness is needed so that the generation of artificial consciousness and artificial attitude does not develop. Bangabandhu’s thoughts are pure, efficient, honest, and patriotic. Youth inspired by the Bengali spirit is our asset, and skilled craftsmen are needed to build the golden Bengal.
The role of mass media in all the movements and struggles of Bangabandhu and the great liberation war was infinite. The outstanding contribution of the media in presenting the language movement, the Six Points, as demand for the survival of the country’s people. During the war of liberation, he termed newspapers and electronic media as ‘mass media, not just news media. Bangabandhu spoke of freedom of expression throughout his life. Talking about the importance of mass media, Bangabandhu recalled his memory that “my father used to keep newspapers at home; Anandabazar, Basmati, Azad, Masik Mohammadi, and Saugat.”
Bangabandhu In January 1948, with the financial support of Hussain Shaheed Suhrawardy, they published a daily Ittihad. The editor of this magazine was Abul Mansur Ahmed. At that time, the magazine had drawn everyone’s attention in a completely new form, as a modern magazine. Bangabandhu himself worked tirelessly to market the paper. He was also a responsible consultant in the management of the newspaper.
When the Awami Muslim League was established in 1949, it was published as the mouthpiece of the weekly Ittefaq Patrika. Maulana Bhasani was the editor, Yar Mohammad Khan was the publisher, and Tafazzal Hossain (Manik Mia) ran the magazine. Hossain Shaheed used to finance the Suhrawardy newspaper. Bangabandhu also arranged for the sale of this newspaper among the party workers.
Newspapers, in their news, columns, and editorials, painted accurate pictures of exploitation, torture, and discrimination. Later, during the election of 1970 and the non-cooperation movement 1971, dailies also played a responsible role. They printed Bangabandhu’s decisions, instructions, statements, and speeches on the first page. Newspapers have made a significant contribution to inspiring the people; they have given full support to the leadership of Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib. As an undisputed leader, Bangabandhu’s leadership was acceptable in the media. Newspapers described Bangabandhu’s historic return home on January 10, 1972, as ‘that great man comes’. Bangabandhu was the first to protect journalists’ freedom of speech. He played an essential role in strengthening the media and provided salary allowances to journalists, freedom of the press, and national recognition of the media.
Bangabandhu knew there was a conspiracy. But the people of the country are plotting to assassinate him, which he could not have imagined. In a meeting at the Commonwealth Summit in Jamaica, the then Prime Minister of India, Indira Gandhi, said, “Sheikh Saheb, we have frightening news. There is a conspiracy against you. In reply, Bangabandhu said, ‘Madam Indira, don’t worry. No Bengali will touch me. If they do, I’ll go back to the village with a blanket around my neck. Sheikh Mujib is not in power.
Bangabandhu never believed in the murderers’ plots. Some well-wishers tried to warn him, but he ignored them and said, “The people of Bangladesh will never harm him.” Despite knowing there is a threat to life, Bangabandhu never paid any attention to the issue.
Experts believe that the intolerant political environment paved the way for Bangabandhu’s assassination. People were confused by the rise of opposition political forces in the newly independent country, the covert activities of the defeated troops in 1971, and the rise of the extremist left. The conspirators took advantage of this opportunity. The killers meet their goal. After the successful mission, Bangladesh began to move backward.
According to analysts, it is not an easy task for some army members to kill the father of the nation, his family, and other unarmed people in tanks with their families, as well as go on radio and television to report the assassination of Bangabandhu to the nation. According to researchers, Mujib’s assassination has two dimensions. One is domestic politics, and the other is international. None of this came to the fore. After the brutal assassination of Bangabandhu on 15 August 1975, his family members were also killed so that no one could take the helm of the Awami League. To assassinate Bangabandhu’s ideology, four national leaders of the party also brutally died in jail on November 3. By assassinating Bangabandhu, the dreamer of the Bengali nation, on 15 August, the brave Bengalis introduced themselves to the world as an unfaithful, cowardly-suicidal nation. Father of the Nation Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman is the name of the consciousness of the Bengali nation, the name of a dream, the name of the history of creation, the name of aspiration, the name of struggle, and the name of success. He is the great hero of history. Bangabandhu has always been and will remain immortal in the hearts of Bengalis.
After the brutal assassination of Bangabandhu on 15 August 1975, the pace of development of the country came to a temporary halt. In those difficult times, Sheikh Hasina took the helm as the President of Awami League as a symbol of unity. She has come a long way in the struggle for democracy. Repeatedly came back from the brink of death. She brought the Awami League to power as a popular party after 21 years in 1996 and has been working tirelessly to institutionalize democracy.
We can think of everything independently because we have an independent country. Our success in various indicators of society and economy has become the focus of the astonishing attention of the world, which has been made possible by the welfare of Bangabandhu. All this was made possible by the welfare of Bangabandhu. As the great architect of independence, Father of the Nation Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman has not only unveiled that infinite horizon of possibilities but, at the same time, has inspired the despairing nation to conquer fear and has also immersed the whole country in the mantra of death.
The country has improved a lot in the last one era. Today, Bangladesh is one of the wealthiest countries in South Asia. A developing nation will join the ranks of developing countries in the next 50 years by pointing the finger at the critics’ bottomless basket where the per capita income is now 2554. Nowadays, Bangladesh is a role model for development in the world in many social and economic indicators.
Bangladesh has made significant achievements in poverty alleviation, GDP growth, food production, power generation, women empowerment, life expectancy, education rate, transition to developing countries, middle-income countries, construction of Padma bridge with own funds, development of physical infrastructure including metro rail. With the launch of Bangabandhu Satellite-1, the red-green golden Bengal has conquered space. Internet services have reached remote villages as part of Digital Bangladesh—mobile phones in hand, bringing a groundbreaking communication change. The latest Five G technology has already been launched. The country is moving relentlessly towards achieving SDGs in 2030 and realizing the dream of a developed country in 2041.
Hiren Pandit is an essayist, researcher, and columnist based in Dhaka, Bangladesh. He can be reached at hiren.bnnrc@gmail.com

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